FEATURING EXTRA PHOTOS!

The craftsman featured on this page has produced a large volume of extraordinarily high quality work. We have provided more photos than normal as a teaching experience. Certain craftsmen set the standards in their area of expertise, and studying the details of their work can be helpful for anyone wishing to follow in their footsteps or take their work to the next level. Not every viewer will want to enlarge every photo, but those interested in achieving this level of craftsmanship will find doing so instructive and, hopefully, inspiring.

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The Internet Craftsmanship Museum Presents:

Louis Chenot

Winner, Joe Martin Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award for 2009

Winner, Joe Martin Foundation Metalworking Craftsman of the Decade Award for 2011

Added to museum: 6/8/07

The Joe Martin Foundation has selected Louis Chenot as "Metalworking Craftsman of the Decade" award winner for 2011.

His award was presented April 30th at the North American Model Engineering Society Expo in Southgate, MI. Lou received a check for $2000.00, an engraved gold medallion, award certificate and commemorative book. Lou is seen here with his wife June as he is presented with the award by Craig Libuse, Director of the Joe Martin Foundation. (Click on photo to view a larger image.)

A multi-year project in process to build a complete 1932 Duesenberg in 1/6 scale

The Duesenberg model was photographed while displayed at the 2010 NAMES show in Southgate Michigan. Note that this fine piece of miniature craftsmanship is now on permanent display in the Joe Martin Foundation's Craftsmanship Museum in Carlsbad, CA. (Click on photo to view a larger image.)

Every year for many years at the NAMES show in Detroit and Toledo, one of the first things many people who attend the show each year want to see is how Lou Chenot was coming along on the Duesenberg project. Most of us, therefore, saw the project in one-year jumps with new major components showing up each time. We had to keep in mind it took a year of work on Lou's part to bring the car to the next stage. As the project continued to take shape with the engine near completion and the bodywork beginning to take shape, we were amazed at the masterpiece that was being created. A project like this requires the mastery of so many skills that we have created a special category for them—Model Engineering Masterpieces.

Like the other projects featured in the "Model Engineering Masterpieces" section, this is not just a model, but rather a complete car in miniature. In March, 2010 the engine was successfully run for the first time and just about every feature that worked on the real car actually works on the miniature version. The model was shown for a year and a half with the engine out so Lou could run it on a test stand for show visitors. In 2012 the engine was reinstalled in the body and it was shown a few times as a complete car, but for practical reasons the engine cannot be run when mounted in the car. Now Lou is working full time on his 1/6 scale GarWood speedboat with Liberty V-12 power and no longer wished to travel around the country showing the Duesenberg. The heavy model was difficult to transport and set up and often required repairs after the stress of travel and showing. In December, 2013 the Joe Martin Foundaton had the singular good fortune to be able to acquire this world-class model for permanent display in the Miniature Engineering Craftsmanship Museum in Carlsbad, CA. The public is invited to come and view it in person.

June and Louis Chenot stand behind the new exhibit of the 1/6 scale Duesenberg at the Craftsmanship Museum in December, 2013. (Click photo for larger image.)

Lou Chenot is seen in his shop with the partially completed Duesenberg. (Click photo for larger image.)

Lou's accomplishment has even come to the attention of "Ripley's Believe It or Not." The word "Doozy," meaning something really special, was coined because of the superior quality and speed of the Duesenberg automobiles of the 1930's.

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(The following is from an article that appeared in the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Club Newsletter, Vol LIV, No. 10, 2006 while the model was still under construction.)

My Duesenberg

 by Louis Chenot, updated 6/07

When about five years old, I began building models and continued off and on all my life—cars, airplanes, boats, trains, finally learning about 25 years ago that people were building models that actually ran under their own power! Some simple models followed with steam power leading to an 1895 American-LaFrance fire engine, a 9-cylinder Bentley rotary aircraft engine and finally the Duesenberg, beginning about six years or 15,000 hours ago.

It was necessary to earn a living until retirement. The above early interests had led to several years in the Air Force as a jet engine mechanic and then a 40-year career in mechanical engineering, the last ten as Director of Engineering of the Leggett & Platt Corporation Automotive Group, and finally on to become a full-time model engineer.

J.L. Elbert’s “Duesenberg” book was purchased in 1955 followed by acquiring anything I could about the car. I was around them in the early 60's when we had a 1930 Cadillac convertible used in Grand Classic contesting (a seven-year restoration).

When the decision was reached to model the Duesenberg, June and I made a trip to the Auburn-Cord-Duesenberg Museum in Auburn, Indiana. Jon Bill helped me through the drawers of drawings, pulling about 60, which he had reproduced. They were the basis although about half weren’t applicable. When traveling to Auburn, stops at the restoration shop of Charles Glick in Paris, IL also proved very informative.

Upon learning about Brian Joseph’s Classic and Exotic Car Service in Troy, Michigan I telephoned and asked if I could visit. This was the first of twelve or so trips there with Brian allowing me to remove parts from inventory, photographing and measure them, and, of course, answering questions and later telling me the model was out of scale here or there. He was very much a mentor on this project, and it is difficult to thank him sufficiently for his time and consideration.

Visits were made to Randy Ema’s shop in Orange, California where he verified from record the last “J” number and frame number, hence my use of J-589 that is now the last operating Duesy built. He has an eight-branch exhaust manifold that I scaled and was able to note detail from a supercharged engine belonging to Jay Leno in Randy’s shop. Jay allowed photographing and detailing from his roadable chassis, an appreciated courtesy. Skip Marketti with the Nethercutt Museum helped on supercharged engines and answered questions during two visits there. He offered the compliment of exhibiting the model in the museum at some point.

Bill Miller has graciously permitted the measuring of body contour from his LaGrande dual cowl phaeton. A unique project does require research and help from many, doesn’t it?

Data from the research trips needed to be reduced to scale, sketched and dimensioned. I don’t formally draft any more than necessary and use CAD minimally. The sketches are scribbled all over during part production and finally corrected to what I actually did!

Following the research stage, much time was spent building tooling: jigs, fixtures, cutters, ad nauseum, to where typically more time is invested in preparation than in making parts. I often wondered if the engine really needed 32 valves, couldn’t 16 do? At some time in the future I wish to have a meeting with Fred and his designers and ask why it had to have all those parts.

These photos of the installed engine, dash and driveline were taken at the 2007 NAMES show. (Click on any photo to enlarge.)

With a 5-year history and perhaps 2 years to go it should be running by year’s end. That will be exciting or truly frightening. It has over 6000 parts (966 in the wheels and over 300 in the head, for example.) Most fasteners had to be made and all are stainless steel. It is very much built from raw materials. Unfortunately there is no 1/6 scale Duesenberg store to go to for shopping.

My basic drive seems to be learning how to make something where skills must be developed. This also indicates how large my development bin is. (Some use the vulgar word scrap, but even unusable Duesenberg parts are to be revered.) It doesn’t bother me a great deal to start again on something if it isn’t suitable—nine starts were made on the radiator shell!

After restoring our 1930 Cadillac (sold long ago) and supporting friends owning Packards and other large cars of that era, I am still amazed at how advanced Duesenberg’s engineering was for 1928.

Our experience with the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Club at the ACD Festival in Auburn, Indiana over Labor Day weekend was a trip June and I will remember. We weren’t certain how to exhibit the model or even if it would be welcome, but the members settled those issues quite quickly. I hope the model is a credit to their cars. 

Lou's display at the April, 2007 NAMES (North American Model Engineering Society) Expo in Toledo, Ohio.

Lou Chenot's Shop

Here are some shots of Lou's well-organized shop featuring a lifetime collection of fine tools, a carpeted floor, heating, air conditioning and plenty of light.

Lou Chenot's shop is well equipped for model work including a 12-inch lathe that is 24 years old, modified in many ways, that is very accurate. A Bridgeport type mill is installed which friends think is silly because it runs 1/16" cutters very often. Many auxiliaries were built including a horizontal and vertical index table (4"), tube benders from 1/16 to 1/4 x 1/32", a Quorn tool and cutter grinder and a 1 x 42" belt sander that is used daily if not hourly. Other machines are there but rarely used, such as a 7" South Bend shaper and a 7-inch Atlas horizontal mill, but they are restored and look pretty! This shop area occupies about 800 square feet and is carpeted. It is nice to have built-in custodial service in the form of his wife, June, who also is the chief cook, gardener/landscaper, secretary/typist and finds time to enjoy her garden railroad and the little white American Eskimo dog they adopted from their son.

The back shop (dirty area) was designed for woodworking equipment, welding, investment casting, blasting, garden railroad work area and stores the lawn tractor in heated/air-conditioned comfort along with a full size Continental aircraft engine. It is about 1500 square feet.

When the Duesenberg was being built you would find Lou in his shop seven days a week, 8-10 hours per day and looking forward to each and every one of them. Now, while working on the GarWood project, Lou is relaxing his schedule a little bit, but still works in the shop every day starting first thing each morning.

Lou Chenot accepts a Lifetime Achievement award from the Foundation's Craig Libuse at the 2009 North American Model Engineering Society Expo in Toledo, OH April 18, 2009. The award includes a check for $500.00. Lou's Duesenberg was also the featured project at this years NAMES show. In this photo the body had yet to be painted and the motor had not yet run. It has now been completed—see photos at bottom of photo section below. (Click on photo to view a larger image.)

Duesenberg model Completed!

by Lou Chenot (10/14/10)

The Duesenberg is hereby declared finished! It started for the first time at 3:05 PM on March15th, 2010.

The engine has turned out not to be a docile, friendly mechanism. It requires a drill motor at 2500 rpm to start it which in turn needs a power cord. I've started it many times, and it consistently must be rotated 30 sec or so until it is warm enough to self sustain, where it will re-start easily. Its rpm range isn't very great, top end at 4100, may be down to 2000.

Propane is the fuel.  It has scale carburation now and more of its shiny bits. I've decided to keep the engine on its stand and run it at Cabin Fever Show in York, PA (January, 2011) and then NAMES (April, 2011) after which I'll install it in the car and not run it again. We will take another video of the engine and the car, body off, then add back pieces so they can be described.

CLICK HERE to see and hear the "first pop" of the Duesenberg engine on YouTube. (3/15/10)

CLICK HERE to see video of the Duesenberg chassis and the engine run at Cabin Fever on YouTube.

CLICK HERE to see the last running of the Duesenberg before the engine is installed in the car for permanent display. (9/2/11)

Lou's current project—a V-12 powered wooden speedboat

That said, and while a bit disappointing, my energy is now directed towards Liberty V-12 aircraft engines marinized to power lovely triple cockpit mahogany hulled speed boats from 1920 to 1940. They were an inexpensive 500 HP engine. I've been corresponding with people around the country trying to find lofting data for a Model 50 GarWood hull, and because information on the Liberty is on hand, I've started on the crankcase.  (That is, Crankcases—I'm building 2, don't ask why.) This is going a bit slowly because of having to recover from back surgery (spinal fusion) the end of August. The boat itself will be built in 1/6 scale, the same as the Duesenberg. Even so, the 33' GarWood will be 5'-4" long in that scale!

The first two photos show the early progress on the Liberty V-12 engine as shown at the 2011 NAMES show in Southgate, MI. The third photo shows the two engines at the Craftsmanship Museum on display September 2nd, 2011. (Click on either photo to view a larger image.)

Building a Gar Wood 33 ft. Runabout in Miniature

by Louis Chenot

Shown in photographs is a Gar Wood model 33-50.  According to Tony Mollica’s charts in his book Gar Wood Boats, only 2 were built.  It was the smooth deck replacement for the Baby Gars built in the 1920’s.

The hull under construction is seen from several angles. (Click on any photo to enlarge image.)

As of late December, 2013, the Hull is coming right along. The motor can be seen in its approximate location in the hull in the last shot.

The truth, however, is that this is a model built in 1/6 scale.  The Gar Wood was chosen because Garfield Wood favored the use of marinized Liberty aircraft engines for which detail information was available especially with the publication of Robert Neil’s wonderful book on these engines.  Research is time consuming for such a project, help is necessary.  Don Dannenberg, Tony Mollica, Gary Worthington, Hal Orchard (who has a replica of the boat), and the publisher of this magazine, all provided support.

To build a high scale functional miniature requires much detail knowledge and then design changes, mostly internal, to comply with the statement that nature doesn’t scale very well.  Spark plugs will be 6-40 threaded, .138 dia. and about ˝ in high, but need about 10,000 volts to fire just as full size does so spacing of electrodes must be managed.  The engine will operate only one set of plugs which helps that problem, although twin plugs per cylinder will be installed.  Water jackets that were cast to shape should be metal, but spark plug proximity caused the choice of high temp epoxy to avoid spark jumping.

Two Liberty V-12 engines are under construction. (Click on any photo to enlarge image.)

The engine has 12 gears at the back end, all bevels.  9 drive the cams and distributors, then 3 downward to the oil and water pumps.  It is intended to build an intercooler so that the engine will have a closed coolant system with pond water only used to transfer heat. 

The photographs may cause the appearance of the engine being assembled, but it is only temporary, much fitting will be required and running in the bearings that are .013 in silver sheet stock.  The crankcases are steel fabrications because of the section thinness, silver brazed and TIG welded.  Oh yes, there are two engines!  The boat needs only one but because of so many tool (jigs and fixtures) setups on machine tools, probably the second required half the time of the first. Either that is the justification or it is simply a lack of common sense.

The mahogany boat hull was sawn from one plank as were the white oak framing pieces.  The bow and stern deck sections are removable because the intent is to radio control this miniature.  There isn’t a straight piece of wood in the hull with much fitting being required.  It is 5 ˝ feet long.

The project has been going on for 2 years now and no doubt has that much time remaining.  Prior to this, 10 years were spent building an operating 1/6 scale 1932 Duesenberg! Why do this? Miniatures are fascinating in their own right, and apparently the everyday effort keeps me alive and well, sort of.

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Here are several examples of Lou Chenot's work:

Captions provided by Lou (Click photos for larger images.)

The 1/6 scale Duesenberg SJ Project

3/4 view of the chassis, 1/6 scale so it is about 38 in. long and weighs 40 lb. This scale results in an engine of about 2 cu. in displacement. Square and cubic laws change things dramatically. 6 cubed is 216 and divided into 420 in (full size) is about 2 cu. in.  Frictions are much higher than full size, but somewhat compensated by lower inertia.    
Engine exhaust side with its beautiful 8 branch manifold.  Carburetors have barrel throttles, the front one has a small Venturi for idling, and the rear most a much larger one progressively linked. The barrels move outward when rotated to open their jets farther for acceleration.  The intended fuel is propane. (Non-scale fuel lines can be seen leading off the engine.)
Engine (seen from intake side) shows features such as the Y-branch intakes—chosen simply because they look nice. Ignition points are in the generator to keep the distributor within scale. Its block started as a 38 lb. chunk of grey iron—it weighs 4 lbs. now.
Underside—Lou likes this photo. Size is indicated by the hands holding it at either end.
Trial assembly, fitting on frame front is attachment for a rotary fixture.
Lou in his shop.
The block after 4-5 weeks of attention. Most components in the model are of the same material existing in the prototype, hence cast iron here. It was decided to fit cylinder liners in order to cut water passages. Liners were turned from Cummins diesel engine valve guides, a very tough grey iron. Piston rings are also from Cummins valve guides. Two compression rings (.025 thick) and one oil ring (.040 thick) were made.
Internal components for the block. Its crankshaft is 4130 steel; a drive extension is installed to run in bearings which are .010 silver, also used in connecting rod big ends. Bronze bushes are fitted to the pin.
Piston assemblies.

Bottom of block—main and connecting rod big end bearings are silver; crank is 4130 steel.

A highly ventilated lump of cast iron, 338 holes and milling operations, plus lapping cam bearings and all those valve seats!  The spark plugs are from stainless steel with a Corian insulator.

32 Cam followers, 32 "C" clips, 32 keepers, 32 springs, etc. etc., etc. Lou says, "I think I'm going to cry."

Rear axle with components. The differential contains 4 bevel gears which are hidden inside their cage. Many trials were required to cut the ring and pinion. Hypoid gear cutting requires solving equations for 13 degrees of freedom if a Gleason machine is available (a little one)! Only trial and error and finally filing tooth entry profiles could be used in my shop. The banjo housing is cut from 1 piece of steel.

A T-72 Warner transmission in 1/6 scale. Designing such an assembly is a good example of nature not being very scalable. Dividing full-size bearings by 6 doesn't agree with any listing of miniature bearings, therefore bores and shaft diameters are changed as necessary. This cannot be allowed to interfere with the gears kept to 1/6 scale exactly so the centers and ratios are correct. Full size diametrical pitches are multiplied by 6 from which the small gears are calculated. Special cutters had to be made at 60 Dp and 48 Dp along with a shaving tool for the compound set of internal gears used in the second gear position.

While many parts appear to be castings, none are; the differential housing is a typical build-up from pieces silver brazed together. Castellated nuts were machined and polished and are fitted with .015 dia. cotter pins.

Instrument panel, damascened, or engine turned stainless steel. Not particularly difficult but about 5 hours with the milling machine and its digital read-outs.  Steering wheel controls do work.

Clutch components.

Rough fan sketch (drawing) background—no formal drawings exist; layouts such as this are drawn if complicated, but mostly freehand sketches.

Steering box and levers for throttle, spark retarding and lights, altogether 42 parts in the steering column. Also visible is the left side front engine mount, a highly contoured part made from solid steel then bolted and riveted to the frame.

Servo valve and brake master cylinder. Very modern design especially if compared to Rolls-Royce contemporary use of a very complex mechanical servo.

Electric fuel pumps backed up the engine's mechanical one.

Bumpers required about a week, half of which time was to prepare stainless steel and make bending jigs, forms and a fixture to keep the bolt centers exact.  All bending was at red heat and even then, stainless will still have springback to complicate the issue.

Radiator shell from brass sheet. Bent over a cherrywood buck, or form, with a rawhide mallet, then a plannishing hammer, filed, sanded and polished, then chromed. Not being experienced in this skill, I ruined 8 blanks before finishing this one. Hopefully the fenders will not require the same experience!

Radiator shell and tools, cherrywood buck, punch and die for neck, .015 brass.

Fuel pump/Chassis pump with full-size equivalents.

Firewall being machined, 40 hours or so.

Cam grinding lash up.

Pan, machined.

Oil pump—gears are 13 teeth 1/4 diameter; it pumps 8 psi and will be relieved to 3 - 4.

Lapping—Cams, garnet compound because it doesn't imbed. Cams are from tool steel, drilled 1/8 dia. through (7 in.). Four sets—attempts due to set up trials and foolishness.

Exhaust system, stainless steel.

Operator and over-center linkage for the supercharged car exhaust cut-out.
Intake manifold -- parts, copper, 9 parts each.
Intake manifold mounted for fitting on engine.
All manifold and exhaust parts; 4 special tube benders were made; exhaust is stainless steel; water manifold is chromed brass; intake pieces are copper.
Paper pattern for front fenders. (Ya gotta start somewhere!)
Cherry wood forming bucks were bandsawn to shape.
First fender bashing—the ugly stage!
Initial sheet metal fitting to chassis.
Lou Chenot and Joe Martin talk at the end of the 2007 NAMES show in Toledo. Lou was loading up the Duesenberg to head home and had stopped to talk to Joe as they both watched Pierre Scerri's Ferrari model being photographed for an upcoming magazine article.
As of February, 2008 the bodywork is coming along nicely. This level of progress represents almost a year of work since the NAMES show last April. Top bows and irons were made in a single plane study, adjusting hinge points until folding could be accomplished. They were then copied in stainless steel. Technically speaking, the mechanism is a triple set of unequal arm 4-bar linkages.
The windshield is made from 11 individual components. It will contain glass that is .8 mm thick. Fitting hinges, windshield, etc. to the body contours was a time consuming process. The doors now make the proper "click" when closed and the vents work.
Running boards are cherry wood to simulate English walnut...another example of nature not being scaleable at times. Installed in the wood are chrome strips with rubber inserts.
Leather upholstery consists of one entire goatskin sewn as per full scale. In making the interior parts, allowances had to be made for the thickness of the upholstery. The body is still in primer and will have to be completely disassembled for painting later in the year. Some parts still remain to be chromed.
These photos were taken in April, 2009 at the NAMES show in Toledo, OH. The bodywork is almost complete and is now primered and ready for paint. Lou has since removed the engine and it is back on the test stand with the final modifications to be made to get it running. Once the engine is running and ready for re-installation the final two-tone blue paint job will be done. Lou is waiting for the last minute to minimize the chance of scratching the paint during the labor-intensive engine installation process.

At the 2010 NAMES show, the model was finally shown in complete and painted form. The engine was not installed at the time, as it has just been successfully run on the test stand. All components have now been completed and further work is scheduled to be done on the engine to get it to run on gas instead of the propane first used to test run it. The two-tone blue car is every bit the masterpiece the original cars were with the additional challenge of building each part in miniature.

Now that the engine is running, it will be shown at model engineering shows in York, PA and Southgate, MI in 2011 and then re-installed it in the car. The mirrored wooden display stand is completed as well. Most likely everyone will get their chance in 2011 to see the engine run outside the car. Once it is re-installed in the body it will probably not be run again, so bring your video camera to the 2011 shows.

At the 2011 NAMES show, Lou was presented with his award as the Joe Martin Foundation's Metalworking Craftsman of the Decade. He received a check for $2000.00 and becomes the foundation's 15th winner of their top award. He joins a very elite group of other craftsmen who have won this award. In the second photo, one of those craftsmen, Bill Huxhold, inspects Lou's model.
 

Here are some additional photos of the Duesenberg taken at the 2011 NAMES show featuring some details you might not have seen before. The engine was displayed out of the car, although it was not cooperating that weekend and Lou was not able to get it to start.

These photos show some of the frame and transmission details that can best be seen when the engine is not in the vehicle.

 The model Duesenberg straight-eight engine has four valves per cylinder just like the full-size version. Here you can see some details of the bell housing and clutch. Show-goers will have one last chance to see the engine out of the car at the Western Engine Model Exhibition in Pleasanton, CA August 26, 27 and 28, 2011. After that it will be reinstalled an will not be run again.
Here are some close-ups of the interior and dashboard. The photo with the rear door open shows how passengers could enter the rear seat area by swinging up the cover that goes over their legs when down.
Additional photos show some details of the exterior of the car. The last photo shows the car on its display stand with the engine in the foreground. The paint job is as flawless as one on a real Duesenberg.
Lou talks to a show-goer at the 2011 NAMES show in Michigan. Lou displayed his Duesenberg and Liberty V-12 engine at the Joe Martin Foundation booth there. In the second photo, a show-goer examines the car in detail.

WEME Show, Pleasanton, CA 8/26-28, 2011

Lou and June Chenot speak with visitors the Western Engine Model Exhibition held at the GoodGuys Nationals car show August 26-28, 2011. The show brought in a lot of hotrodders that had not seen the tiny engines before, and Lou's Duesenberg was a hit as always. The car was still being displayed with the engine out and it was run on Friday and early Saturday.

   Miniature Engineering Craftsmanship Museum, September 2, 2011

Lou runs the engine for visitors for what is to be the last time before it goes back into the car. A YouTube video was shot to commemorate the event at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QesbGKTKnnQ.

The car is displayed in the museum shop with the top up and down. It was the only chance for the Southern California public to see the car before it goes back to the midwest.
The Duesenberg dash is fully detailed, and the lights work. In the second photo of the wire wheel, Lou can be seen reflected in the mirrored display base.
With the engine removed and on a test stand so it can be run, details inside the engine compartment can be easily seen. Here we see the transmission bell housing and the steering gearbox.
This was the last chance for the public to view the engine out of the car. Once Lou returns to his home shop in Missouri after this trip the engine will be re-installed in the car never to be run again. Lou started the engine several times during the day for visitors to the Craftsmanship Museum. These photos show the rear, left side, front and right side. The extra large distributor was made necessary due to the fact that it still requires 10,000 volts to fire the tiny spark plugs, just like on the real engine. The miniature distributor Lou tried first couldn't contain the spark, so this one was built that is hidden behind the firewall when the engine is installed in the car.
Rear view of a true classic. Note the words "STOP" in the tail lights and the tip of the dual exhaust. Congratulations to Lou for a true masterpiece and thanks for letting us be final venue for its last run.

1/6 scale 1895 American LaFrance Fire Engine Project

The fire engine was built over a 25-year period and finished in the first year of retirement. It probably required 4000 to 5000 hours. Initially a set of plans from Cole's was purchased along with engine and pump castings. Charlie Cole's drawings were not very well scaled but are a facsimile of an American LaFrance 1895 pumper, which he points out in his description. However, books on such machines, photographs and the fact that the original exists in the company museum allowed it to be built more nearly accurate. Also, the castings at that time were not very good. Porosity caused most of the connecting engine links to be scrapped. I decided to build with original materials, so that the wheels are cherry wood (constructed as would a wheelwright) and the frames are steel with working leaf springs.

The engine/pump was run on air for several hours and the boiler was hydrostatically tested to 100 psi. It has not been run after assembly. It is very difficult to clean, and so resides in a glass case. It is also heavy, about 60 lb. and has become difficult to show. Incidentally, it is about 30" long.

The fire engine model was recently sold at auction at the Cabin Fever model engineering show in York, PA.

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1/6 scale Bentley Rotary Aircraft Engine Project

W.O. Bentley is well known for his racing automobiles, but he was a very good engineer in other efforts such as this 1918 9-cylinder rotary engine. The crankshaft is bolted to the aircraft frame, a Sopwith "Snipe" of which approximately 5000 were built, consequently cylinders rotate with the prop. Seems strange now, but it cooled the engine. The design was very modern for its time and produced 240 HP.

A model in 1/6 scale seemed appropriate to me. Even so it swings an 18-inch propeller. Another 4000 hours went into this project that incorporated learning something about investment casting for the intake elbows. The prototype crankcase pieces were steel, but being concerned with rust, I chose to use stainless steel everywhere except for aluminum finned barrels which are authentic.

This model is now on permanent display at the Miniature Engineering Craftsmanship Museum in Carlsbad, CA.

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